|Demographic Determinants Of Variation In Maternal Mortality In Nigeria.
|JEBBIN Maclean Felix & NWANKWO Onyinye Joy
|Given, the mind-boggling rate of maternal mortality in Nigeria, this paper examined the demographic determinants of variation in maternal mortality in Nigeria from 1981 to 2020. The study used quarterly series data sourced from the Central Bank Statistical Bulletin, National Bureau of Statistics and World Bank data bank. The dependent variable is maternal mortality while the independent variables are fertility rate (FER) rural population (RUP), urban population (URP) and patient per physician for demographic determinants model. The Johansen cointegration technique and error correction mechanism was used to estimate the demographic model. The result established that a direct relationship exists between fertility rate and maternal mortality and between rural population and maternal mortality, while an inverse relationship exists between patient per physician and maternal mortality in Nigeria. An inverse but insignificant relationship exists between urban population and maternal mortality in Nigeria. Thus, the study concludes that fertility rate, and rural population, are determinants of variation in maternal mortality. The study recommends that fertility rate should be reduced through sex education and campaign at both at rural and urban centres. Government should equip rural health centres and pay higher wage rate to doctors in rural areas as to attract more doctors to the rural areas.
|demographic, determinant, variation, maternal